6.0 Discussion and Conclusion
In this article, we reviewed the background on AI and Cognitive Systems and articulated the considerations for building an intelligent system: business value, access to data, selection of AI techniques and connecting to impact on people. Further, we divided AI systems into levels based on their capabilities to take decision and highlighted issues is testing them. We explored potential of AI in the case studies of self-driving car and health.
As more AI techniques are being used to tackle societal problems, practitioners realized that ethical guidance is needed . The professional bodies in ICT, who long had an ethical code of behavior , have begun to take note of the ethical responsibility AI-based systems should demonstrate when working with people  . This includes system being able to given an explanation, show evolution of data, be auditable and accountable. The new wave of technical innovations will be in implementing and scaling such guidelines.
In conclusion, AI is an exciting area which, despite being around for decades, is getting revolutionized with new trends like deep learning. As pointed recently , it has traditionally worked well away from humans, like in space, or in conflict with humans, like games. However, AI has much to offer working as partner with humans. It is relevant globally and but is of particular relevance to challenges of a developing country like India .
Biplav Srivastava is a Research Staff Member & Master Inventor at IBM Research and an ACM Distinguished Scientist and Distinguished Speaker. With over two decades of research experience in Artificial Intelligence, Services Computing and Sustainability, Biplav’s current focus is on promoting goal-oriented human-machine collaboration via natural interfaces using domain and user models, learning and planning. Biplav’s work has lead to many science firsts and high-impact commercial innovations (up to $B+), 100+ papers and 40+ US patents issued. He co-organized the workshop track at IJCAI 2016, has co-organized over 30 workshops and given 5 tutorials at leading AI conferences. He has been runing the “AI in India” Google group since 2010. More details are at: http://researcher.watson.ibm.com/researcher/view.php?person=us-biplavs
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